Many individuals want to know how to permanently treat fissures. Before discussing the effective treatments for anal fissures, it is necessary to learn more about the condition and its causes.

What is an Anal Fissure?

According to Dr. Purnendu Bhowmik, a proctologist in Kolkata, a fissure or tear in the anal canal, the final portion of the large intestine through which stool is expelled, is known as an anal fissure. 

The condition occurs when a person passes hard or large stools during a bowel movement. 

Anal fissures cause pain, bleeding, or muscle spasms in the muscle ring (anal sphincter) at the end of the anus. When a fissure begins to form, patients experience excruciating pain during bowel movements.

An anal fissure is extremely common in infants and young children, but it can affect individuals of any age. 

In most cases, an anal fissure heals within four to six weeks with home remedies like sitz bath and diet to soften stool. 

According to the fissure doctors in Kolkata, if the condition does not heal within this time frame, it may become chronic, and medical or surgical treatment will be necessary.

Anal Fissure Causes

There are several potential causes for anal fissures, including:

  • Passing of large or hard stools 
  • Constipation and straining during bowel movements 
  • Chronic diarrhoea 
  • Anal intercourse 
  • Obesity 
  • Inflammatory disorder 
  • Pregnancy

How Can Chronic Anal Fissure Be Cured Permanently?

If you have tried home remedies for anal fissures and the pain persists, you should consult a specialist. 

Fissure laser treatment in Kolkata is one of the best treatment options for fissures at the chronic stage.

The procedure involves using a laser beam to make an incision in the anal muscles, thereby loosening the sphincter muscles and allowing the fissure scar to heal. The surgery reduces the chances of the fissure opening again.

Due to the benefits of the laser technique, it is preferred by both patients and surgeons.

The advantages of laser treatment for anal fissures are:

  • It is non-invasive, i.e., there are no cuts or stitches
  • It provides immediate relief from discomfort and pain
  • The procedure takes only 30 to 45 minutes
  • Patients can get back to their usual routine within two days of the procedure
  • There is no scar after the surgery
  • Post-operative pain is minimal
  • The recurrence rate is negligible

Therefore, with laser treatment, you can easily and permanently cure chronic anal fissures, says Dr. Purnendu Bhowmik, a laser fissure surgeon in Kolkata.