The diagnosis of oesophageal cancer is based on:
- Clinical examination
- Endoscopic examination
- Endoscopic ultrasound
What are the treatment options?
Treatment planning involves the disciplinary team of medical professionals.
Treatment often includes interventions:
Take action with your local cancer, such as surgery or radiotherapy
It acts on cancer cells throughout the body with systematic treatment such as chemotherapy
Surgery is the treatment of choice for the best patients. When nearby lymph nodes are affected, surgery is still the best treatment. However, the affected lymph nodes interfere with the healing process of patients and therefore combined treatment that includes chemotherapy or chemotherapy with radiotherapy should be discussed in a multidisciplinary team if suspected involvement of lymph nodes in the first stage.
Part of the tumour containing the tumour will be removed during surgery. In addition to removing the tumour, the surgeon will remove all the nearby lymph nodes and oesophagus. They will be tested by a pathologist to see if they have any cancer cells, which is important to define.
Adjuvant therapy is a method of treatment given in addition to the main oesophagus cancer treatment in Kolkata, which in this case, the tumour is surgically removed. Chemotherapy used before surgery and, if possible, after surgery is a standard form of treatment. The combination of both radiotherapy and pre-surgery chemotherapy is another option.