Laparoscopic Appendix Surgery
The appendix is located at the intersection of the small and large intestines. It’s a thin, finger-shaped tube that is roughly four inches long. The appendix is normally found in the lower part of the right abdomen.
The role of appendix is unclear. One notion is that the appendix stores beneficial bacteria and helps the digestive system function properly following diarrhea disorders. Others say the appendix is nothing more than a vestigial organ. Thus, the surgical removal of the appendix has no known side effects, says the best doctor for appendicitis surgery in Kolkata.
Appendicitis – The Common Appendix Condition
Appendicitis is a condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed. The pain in your lower right abdomen is caused by appendicitis. In most patients, though, pain begins about the navel and subsequently spreads. Appendicitis discomfort usually worsens as the inflammation worsens, finally becoming severe.
According to the top appendix specialist doctor, appendicitis can affect anyone; however, it is most common in adults between the ages of 10 and 30. Surgical removal of the appendix is the standard treatment.
What are the Symptoms
Appendicitis can cause the following signs and symptoms:
- Pain that starts on the right side of the lower abdomen and spreads to the left
- Sudden pain that starts around the navel and moves to the lower right abdomen.
- Pain that is aggravated with coughing, walking, or other jarring movements
- Vomiting and nausea
- Appetite loss
- Low-grade fever, which may become more severe as the illness advances
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Bloating in the abdomen
Depending on your age and the position of your appendix, the location of your discomfort may differ.Because your appendix is relatively higher when you are pregnant, the discomfort may appear to originate in your upper abdomen.
What Causes Appendicitis
Appendicitis is caused by an obstruction in the lining of the appendix, which leads to infection. The bacteria spread quickly, inflaming, swelling, and filling the appendix with pus. The appendix might rupture if not treated promptly, says the best appendix surgeon in Kolkata.
Does Appendicitis Cause Any Complications
Appendicitis can lead to the following complications if left untreated:
- An appendix that gets ruptured. An infection spreads throughout your abdomen as a result of a rupture (peritonitis). This illness, which is potentially life-threatening, necessitates emergency surgery to remove the appendix and clear your abdominal cavity.
A pus-filled pouch that develops in the abdomen. If your appendix explodes, you can get an infection pocket (abscess). In most situations, an abscess is drained by inserting a tube into the abscess via your abdominal wall. The tube is left in place for two weeks, and antibiotics are given by the appendix specialist doctor to clear the infection.
How is Appendicitis Diagnosed
Your doctor will most likely collect a history of your signs and symptoms and physically examine your abdomen to help diagnose appendicitis.
- Physical exam to determine the cause of your pain. The uncomfortable spot may be gently pressed by your doctor. Appendicitis pain usually gets worse when the pressure is suddenly lifted, indicating that the neighboring peritoneum is irritated.
- Abdominal tightness and a tendency to tense your abdominal muscles in reaction to pressure over the inflamed appendix may also be looked for by your doctor (guarding).
- A blood test allows your doctor to check for an infection by looking for a high white blood cell count.
- A urine test is done. Your doctor may order a urinalysis to rule out a urinary tract infection or a kidney stone as the source of your discomfort.
Imaging tests are performed. To diagnose appendicitis or rule out other causes of pain, your doctor may order an abdominal X-ray, abdominal ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) scan, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Appendicitis Treatment in Kolkata
The inflamed appendix is typically removed during surgery. Antibiotics may be given to you before surgery to prevent infection.
Surgical Removal of Appendix (Appendectomy)
Appendectomy can be done as an open operation with a 2 to 4 inch (5 to 10 centimeter) long abdominal incision (laparotomy). Alternatively, the procedure can be performed through a few minor abdominal incisions (laparoscopic appendectomy surgery). The surgeon puts special surgical equipment and a video camera into your belly during a laparoscopic appendectomy to remove your appendix.
Laparoscopic Appendicitis surgery, in general, allows you to heal faster and with less discomfort and scarring.For older adults and obese people, it may be a better option.
However, not everyone is a candidate for laparoscopic surgery. If your appendix has ruptured and the infection has spread or you have an abscess, you may require an open appendectomy, which permits the surgeon to clean the abdominal cavity.
After your appendectomy, expect to spend one or two days in the hospital.
Before Appendix Surgery, an Abscess must be Drained
If your appendix bursts and an abscess forms around it, the abscess can be drained by inserting a tube into the abscess via your skin. After the infection has been controlled for several weeks, the surgery to remove appendix can be performed.
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