Colorectal cancer often causes complaints once it has progressed. According to the best colorectal surgeon in Kolkata, common symptoms are changes in bowel habits, abdominal discomfort, fatigue, weight loss. Blood in houses can be a warning sign. It can be seen with the naked eye or with laboratory analysis of chairs.
Endoscopy is a test in which a light tube inserted through the anus is inserted into the intestine. Allows to see the inside of the intestines. When the tumor is found within 15 cm of the anus, it is considered a rectal tumor, far from being considered a colon tumor.
Special radiation testing also helps to visualize the formation and size of the cancerous growth. Blood tests requiring carcinoembryogenic antigen (CEA), a tumor marker, may be helpful in selected cases. Confirmation of diagnosis is only given by laboratory analysis of the affected tissue and tissue (histopathology).
Colorectal Cancer Treatment Options in Kolkata:
Treatment planning involves a multidisciplinary team of medical staff. This usually refers to a meeting of different experts, called for different ideas. Treatment usually includes treatments:
- Take action with your local cancer, such as surgery or radiotherapy
- It acts on cancer cells systemically (throughout the body) as chemotherapy and targeted biological treatment.
- The duration of treatment will depend on the stage of the cancer, the tumor structures and the patient’s risk.
The surgery is intended to remove the original tumor. In patients with advanced disease, surgery may also be performed to remove metastatic lesions. Regular sales are now considered more appropriate than class reductions in the treatment of colon cancer. Depending on the location of the tumor, such limited removal involves removal of an ascending colon (right hemicolectomy ) or descending colon (left hemicolectomy) or sigmoid colon (sigmoid resection). Right and left hemicolectomy is sometimes extended to a flexible colon and is called an extended hemicolectomy (right or left). The corresponding part of the intestines is removed along with the regional lymph nodes and any part of the nearby organs affected by the tumor. In the case of cervical cancer the entire rectum, and the mesorectum containing the regional lymph node is removed, the procedure is called total mesorectal excision (TME).
Reconstructive surgery can be performed by laparotomy, but also by laparoscopy. Laparotomy refers to open surgery, which means that the surgeon has a large incision in the abdomen to perform the operation. During laparoscopy, fine tubes and blisters are inserted through three or 4 holes in the abdomen. After laparoscopy, patients experience a quick and easy recovery after laparotomy.