Millions of individuals worldwide suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). While many people with GERD are able to control their symptoms with medicine and lifestyle modifications, some patients may develop Barrett’s esophagus, which can result in serious consequences, including esophageal cancer. According to Dr. Purnendu Bhowmik, GERD treatment surgery is necessary to lower the risk of problems related to Barrett’s esophagus when medication and lifestyle adjustments are not enough. This blog explores the linkage between GERD and Barrett’s esophagus, and the significance of surgery in minimizing the risk of complications.

A Brief Overview of GERD and Barrett’s Esophagus


When stomach acid and other contents of the stomach reflux back into the esophagus, GERD develops, inflaming and irritating the esophagus. Symptoms of this long-term illness include heartburn, chest pain, difficulty swallowing, and regurgitation. Untreated or improperly managed GERD can lead to adverse consequences, one of which is Barrett’s esophagus.

How is GERD Detected?

  • Barium X-ray: The upper digestive tract’s lining is coated with a barium drink to make it visible on an X-ray.
  • Endoscopy: This safe test entails inserting a flexible, thin endoscope—which is fitted with a tiny camera and light—down the esophagus.
  • Oesophageal motility study: This test measures the movement and pressure inside your stomach and esophagus by inserting a catheter with a sensor inside.
  • 24-hour pH monitoring: An oesophageal tube with a pH sensor is inserted. Over the course of 24 hours, the sensor gauges the amount of acidity in the esophagus; the data is then saved on a little computer worn around the waist for further examination.

Barrett’s Esophagus

Barrett’s esophagus is a disorder where acid reflux damages the lining of the esophagus, the flat, pink tube that connects the mouth to the stomach. As a result, the lining thickens and turns red. While the symptoms of Barrett’s esophagus are uncommon, it is nonetheless cause for concern as it raises the chance of esophageal adenocarcinoma, a kind of esophageal cancer. This is the reason it’s so important to treat GERD well and, in certain situations, think about surgery.

GERD treatment surgery

The Significance of Surgery in Minimizing Complications

Medication and lifestyle modifications can be helpful for many GERD sufferers. On the other hand, some people with symptoms that don’t go away are more likely to develop problems like Barrett’s esophagus. In these kinds of situations, GERD treatment surgery might be advised to lower the possibility of developing new issues.

Advantages of Surgical Intervention

Surgical intervention for GERD and Barrett’s esophagus can offer several benefits:

  • Symptom Relief: Surgery can provide long-lasting relief from the symptoms of GERD, improving the patient’s overall quality of life.
  • Reduced Cancer Risk: By effectively managing GERD and Barrett’s esophagus, surgery can significantly reduce the risk of developing esophageal cancer.
  • Medication Independence: Some patients may be able to reduce or eliminate their dependence on medications used to manage GERD symptoms.
  • Improved Long-Term Outcomes: Surgical procedures can lead to better long-term outcomes for patients with Barrett’s esophagus, reducing the need for continuous surveillance and invasive treatments.

Wrapping Up

GERD is a common digestive disorder that, if left unmanaged, can lead to serious complications, including Barrett’s esophagus and esophageal cancer. GERD treatment surgery is a valuable option for those who do not respond well to conservative treatments and are at risk of developing complications. By effectively managing GERD through surgery, patients can experience symptom relief and reduce their risk of life-threatening complications like esophageal cancer.