According to a medical study, it has been found that around 10-25% of people suffering from gallbladder stones will become symptomatic over a period of time. There is evidence that among asymptomatic patients if anyone is suffering from haemolytic syndrome (that affects blood and blood vessels) or bile duct stones, it is recommended to visit one of the best surgical gastroenterologists in Kolkata for the surgical removal of the gallbladder.
The standard treatment procedure of gallstone surgery is laparoscopic cholecystectomy (keyhole surgery), where a laparoscopic gallbladder surgeon in Kolkata uses four keyholes to operate the surgery. A camera is inserted through one of the keyholes and kept in the region of the belly button. The other three keyholes are used for instrumentation. The keyholes less than/equal to 1 cm in size are sutured with dissolving sutures and glue.
Every gallbladder doctor recommends performing a cholangiogram (an X-ray of bile ducts) at the surgery time to avoid the probable occurrence of bile duct stones. Apart from this, it can also help in identifying any injury at the time of surgery. Bile duct injury is a major risk factor related to this surgery. However, only 0.1% to 0.3% of cases are found with bile duct injury caused due to surgery.
Why can gallbladder surgery be challenging? Explained by one of the best surgical gastroenterologists.
A few gallbladder surgeries can be significantly challenging to perform due to extensive inflammation, as the abdominal tissues are pretty close to each other. At the same time, the abdominal tissues are also the anatomy in the area of the gallbladder that can be distorted. As a result, it could make the surgery a complex one and difficult to operate.
The risk of complications associated with the surgery could be high unless surgical gastroenterologists take the right decision on the surgery technique and operative strategy. That is why it is crucial to have the surgery performed by the best gallstone surgeon in Kolkata, who has extensive experience in gallbladder surgery. This is how most surgical gastroenterologists in Kolkata perform gallbladder surgery by managing several challenges and complications. Most gallbladder removal surgeries are performed for symptomatic patients. Gallstones greater than 3 cm in size can increase the risk of gallbladder cancer. Hence, it is recommended to undergo the treatment as soon as possible before it becomes malignant.