A minor cut or tear in the thin, moist tissue (mucosa) that lines the anus or the lining of the anal entrance causes an anal fissure. Itching, discomfort, and bleeding may occur with bowel motions. When you pass hard stools, you may develop an anal fissure. It is most frequent in young infants due to their proclivity for passing hard stools, but it can afflict adults of any age, says Dr. Purnendu Bhowmik, a fissure specialist in Kolkata. In most cases, it will heal in 4-6 weeks. Patients must see a doctor if they do not heal within two months, and the doctor may suggest laser fissure surgery in Kolkata or other medical treatments. Medication may temporarily relieve your discomfort, but surgery will heal the underlying condition.

What are the Causes

Fissures may be caused by several factors:
  • Prolonged diarrhoea
  • Performing heavy weightlifting
  • Constipation that lasts a long time
  • Obesity
  • Excessive straining during bowel movement
  • Anal intercourse
  • Childbirth

What are its Symptoms

  • Pain and swelling in the anal region
  • Experiencing pain during bowel movements
  • Discomfort while sitting
  • Bright red spots of blood while defecating
  • Itching sensation in the anal region

What are the Risks of leaving a Fissure Untreated

An untreated anal fissure can cause several complications:
  • Sentinel piles
  • Chronic constipation
  • Faecal impaction
  • Anal fistula
  • Colon cancer

How is Laser Fissure Surgery Beneficial

Laser treatments are now used to cure fissures. Fissure laser treatment is a non-surgical procedure that’s far more effective than regular surgeries. It is a day-care operation that can be completed in as little as 30 minutes. The patient is discharged the same day after this treatment. The cracks are treated with the radical fibre. Many people today prefer laser treatments because they have no side effects and cause no pain. The following are some of the numerous advantages of this condition:
  • Pain experienced is really low
  • You might be able to return to work right away
  • As a result of the simple treatment, the patient is always at ease
  • The occurrence of faecal incontinence or a faecal leak is avoided
  • There is little or no bleeding
  • The treatment can be completed in very short time

Is Anal Fissure Laser Treatment Painful

No, laser surgical treatment to repair anal fissure is completely painless. There is no need for the patient to go under the knife and go through unpleasant sutures or incisions. The patient would not experience any pain during or after the procedure.

Is there a Danger that the Fissure will Resurface after Laser Surgery

According to the laser Fissure surgeon in Kolkata, the chances of a fissure recurring following laser surgery are relatively low, about 1-2 percent, and are also dependent on food, lifestyle, and underlying conditions of the patient.