What are Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are swollen, amplified veins that are unnaturally big. The legs are a common site for these apparent veins. So, what causes them to happen in the first place? Varicose veins are caused by faulty or broken valves in the veins that prevent blood from flowing freely. Under some circumstances, which we shall explain later in this blog, varicose veins can become a critical medical emergency, says Dr. Purnendu Bhowmik, who is considered to be the best varicose veins surgeon in Kolkata.


The presence of varicose veins is indicated by the following symptoms.
  • Veins that are discolored
  • Discoloration of the skin
  • Swelling and pain in the affected area
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Muscle spasms
  • Fatigue
  • Leg heaviness

Who are More at Risk

Let’s talk about who is more prone to varicose veins.
  • Pregnant women
  • Those who are on the verge of menopause
  • Senior citizen
  • A person who works in a standing position for an extended period of time
  • Obese individuals
  • A person who is suffering from constipation for a long time
  • People who have a history of this medical condition in their family

What Complications are Associated with Varicose Veins

The following are the complications associated with varicose veins that necessitate an immediate visit to the hospital:
  • Clotting of blood
  • Severe bleeding
  • Vein inflammation
  • Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)


To confirm varicose veins, your varicose vein doctor in Kolkata will recommend these diagnostic tests.
  • Venogram
  • Ultrasound scan (duplex)
  • Ultrasound with Doppler

What are the Treatment Options

The following are some of the treatment modalities for varicose veins:

Compression Stockings

Compression stockings may be recommended by your doctor to alleviate the symptoms of varicose veins.


Sclerotherapy may be suggested as a treatment for varicose veins if they are not severe. Varicose veins Surgeon treated this with saline injections given at regular intervals in this procedure.

Surgical Intervention

When a patient’s condition gets critical, surgery is required. The surgical methods for acute varicose veins are as follows:
  • Endovenous laser therapy treatment
  • Vein ligation and stripping
  • Endoscopic vein surgery

Final Words

Varicose veins are more than just an aesthetic issue; they can lead to major health problems in the long run. If you have varicose veins, you should get an accurate diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible. Clinica Health, one of the leading healthcare clinics (conceptualized by the varicose vein specialist Dr. Purnendu Bhowmik), can help you with bothersome varicose veins.